The game of golf can be broken down into two elements: the long game and the short game. In the long game, power and distance are required so that the player’s ball can approach the putting green in as few strokes as possible.
The first shot taken on a hole is a long-game shot known as a drive. It is made with the ball elevated on a tee and is typically struck with a large-headed club called a driver. The goal is to hit the ball as far and as straight as possible in order to be in position for a fairway shot. On shorter holes, a fairway wood club or even a long (lower-numbered) iron may be substituted for the driver.
Assuming the drive lands successfully on the fairway, the next part of the long game that comes into play is the fairway shot. With this shot, the player tries to get as close to the green as possible while avoiding any hazards that may lie on the course. If the distance to the hole is 160 to 180 yards or more, a fairway wood may be used. For shorter shots, a long iron club is usually substituted. The use of a tee is no longer permitted